What term should I use? Like most words used in socio-political life, Indigenous Studies terms evolve. Indigenous has become the main term used to refer to a wide variety of societies and nations that have been on these lands since before Canada existed. Aboriginal became popular after the patriation of the Constitution in 1982, but is a term that stems from a Canadian legal context (the Constitution). Indian is no longer used widely. The term now is primarily used in connection to the legal classification of Indians for the purposes of the Indian Act, and not much beyond that. Hint: Being Indigenous can be a reference to many different peoples. If you can specify the people (Blackfoot, Stoney, Métis, Maori, etc.), then do that.